Over the years, Nigeria's political climate has not been encouraging. It might be stated that the military's involvement in the country's governance from 1966 to 1979, 1983 to 1985, 1985 to 1993, and 1993 to 1999 has had an effect on how government is administered. Despite the stability of political institutions at all levels of government since the transition to civilian rule in 1999, it appears that political officeholders are still grappling with the art of governance, and as a result, a number of obstacles continue to shape the nation's approach to governance. As the nation faces one difficulty after another, it appears that successive governments have not satisfied the desires of the populace.
At independence, Nigeria adopted a parliamentary form of government, but in 1979, it adopted a presidential form of administration similar to that of the United States. However, this has not resolved the country's formidable political and economic issues.
When the current fourth republic began in 1999, the people were hopeful for a better nation; yet, according to their estimations, little progress was made. Yes, there were some gains in the areas of economic growth, payment of delinquent debts, and telecommunications, but they were insufficient to inspire optimism among the populace. It appears that the country has been unlucky in terms of governance, as the majority of those in authority have been unable to steer the country's development in the proper direction.
This has created numerous political and development obstacles. There is, for example, state incoherence and institutional inefficiencies within the administrative system. Evident concerns exist with regards to the implementation of the rule of law, the protection of the fundamental human rights of citizens, and internal security.
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